The Business Continuity Plan (BCP) is an essential part of any organisation's response strategy against natural or manmade disasters. The BCP describes how the business will operate following an incident and how it expects to return to 'business as usual' in the quickest possible time afterwards. Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) is a major component of the BCP focusing on the IT infrastructure and how it will support the business process recovery in case of disaster.
The BCP targets the continuity of all or specific business operation and it requires the involvement and contribution of staff within all business areas and their commitment, communication and cooperation can increase the possibilities for the development and maintenance of a pragmatic BCP.
Each organisation has different requirements when it comes to decide its business continuity strategy because it's a big investment and requires a lot of effort.
The main outcomes in terms of documentation work for a BCP shall include the below:
- Critical functions identification
- Effect on the business operations/services (Business Impact Analysis)
- Resources & Data Required (Part of DR Plan for IT infrastructure recovery)
- People required
- Location for continual operation
The development and maintenance of a BCP can be seen as an on-going procedure with the below steps as shown in the diagram.